Microinflammation is the combination of micro + inflammation and it is defined as the body’s defensive response towards an invading microorganism as an effort for self-protection to eradicate harmful stimuli which can be referred as inflammation which responds towards the presence of micro-organisms. Microinflammation is included in the dysfunctioning of arterio-venous fistula in patients with the maintenance of hemodialysis.
Inflammation is a localized physical condition, the immune reaction of the body tissues towards the harmful stimuli such as pathogens, damaged cells or irritants. It is considered as protective response which involves immune cells, blood vessels and molecular mediators. During inflammation the specific body part becomes reddened, swollen, hot and often painful. Its main aim is to remove the early cause of cell injury, clearance of necrotic cells and tissue damaged from initial insult and the inflammatory process, and to trigger tissue repair.